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The River Line Historic Area embraces historic and natural resources West of the Chattahoochee River to unite the community as a place of distinction linking Vinings, Smyrna, and Mableton, Georgia

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The River Line - Rooted in History

The River Line Historic Area lies west of the Chattahoochee River linking Vinings, Smyrna, and Mableton, Georgia, and is rich with history and culture.  The area derives its name from Johnson's River Line - a 6 to 7 mile line of Civil War earthworks along the Chattahoochee River named after Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston, who was responsible for its construction.  Johnston's River Line, a National Historic Landmark, is particularly significant because it includes unique fortifications called Shoupades, which do not exist anywhere else in the world.  Designed by Brigadier General Francis A. Shoup, these fortifications were arrowhead-shaped infantry forts made of log walls 10 to 12 feets high, and could accommodate up to 80 soldiers. There were originally 36 shoupades constructed, but only 9 remain today.


(The River Line fortifications are the southernmost earthworks depicted on this map.)


While Johnston's River Line may be the most prominent of Cobb County's historic resources, many other events helped shaped this region.  For example, modern settlement here proceeds the 1800s, and remnants of Cherokee Indian habitation can be found along the river.

Click here for a more detailed story of the River Line.

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See also Historic Resources